Image Hunt

( Image A                                   Image B)

Image A shows an example of a repetetive pattern where a single unit repeat itself in a gridal organized. On the other hand, in image B, there is a single unit which has no pattern but it has a figure-ground relationship. We can expend the image A in any side if we need to because we know the pattern whereas image B can not be expend because it has a figure-ground relationship and it has a meaning with that ground we can’t expend or change the dimensions of it.


Ornament and Crime by Adolf Loos

Ornament and Crime was written by Adolf Loos (1870-1933) who was one of the pioneer of the modern architecture. In my opinion, this book has more difficult language than the books that I read before. In the book, he has a some kind of ‘’less is more’’ understanding. So, in order to give that idea to us, he used some different examples such as tattooes and shoes etc.

 In the beginning, he mentioned that a newborn child has somehow a link with a newborn puppy. And when the child is getting age, he/she become aware of violence and Loos is explaining it with giving the Papuan example. He linked Papuans and children because they have some kind of similarities about their attitudes. They are both amoral in that time’s people eyes. ( I am not sure if this understanding is still exist or not).

 After all of these the ornament was the more discussed part. According to Adolf Loos, ornament is some kind of crime that kills the origin of the structure and ornament changes the way we think about a structure. He gives about this part which is tattooes. He said that a modern man who has a tattoo is potential criminal or degenerate. It is because in the jail, 80% of prisons have tattoo so that he generalized this idea. Actually, as I searched this example has some references for that years aristocrats. That’s why he said ‘’ The tattooed who are not in prison are latent criminals or degenerate aristocrats.’’

   Then, Loos said that ornament is waste of time, money, human labour and material. According to his idea, thing that has no ornament has the same properties with the thing that has ornament. But the ornaments one is too expensive then why we just buy the no ornament’s one? It is also waste of time because while selecting a furniture which has good ornament is not that easy so it takes long hours. Also, because the ornament is something that always change, it becomes waste of material,too.

   Another example for why ornaments is waste, he compared the twentieth century men and eighteenth century men according to their needs to ornament and what their gain about it. Twentieth century men have no need to ornaments and the others are becoming poorer due to ornaments economy. He also mentioned that it reflect for cooking. One of them can satisfy his needs with only a boiled vegetable while the other was looking for honey and nuts. And according to Loos, it is a waste.

  In my opinion, he was not completely against to ornaments, he was against the ornaments which are too much to become aesthetic. I agree with Loos in the point that too much ornament is waste, but also I think ornament is a need for design. Yes, chairs with have no ornament and have ornaments are both for sitting but the design is something that needs ornament to serve our eyes. That’s why we can accept the ornaments if it is not too much to become out of aesthetic looking.

Feel and Experience The Architecture (Experiencing Architecture)

 While listening a music, did you have different feelings? Or while looking a painting, did you try to explain it or did you just try to experience it? It is the same for architectural buildings. As the writer of this book (Experiencing Architecture) he thinks that architecture is one type of art and like all art products it should be experienced rather than explained.

    Experiencing Architecture is written in 1959 by Teen Eiler Rasmussen he was an architect and an urban planner. T. E. Rasmussen summarized his book like ‘’ the work about how we understand our environment.’’  It has very understandable language because it is not only written for architects. It is written for everyone that are interested in architecture.

   The chapter that we read is chapter 1:Basic Observations. It was related to our last session:texture and it was discussing how architecture works. But it was really interesting that I really enjoyed while I was reading it. It is because, it has very different for explaining the texture and experiencing the architecture. For example, according to Rasmussen architects are very similar with landscape gardener. He says that ‘’ No matter how beautiful gardener’s conception of a garden may be it will, nevertheless, be a failure if it is not the right environment for the plants, if they can not flourish it.’’ It is the same for architect,too. They are also working with livings thing which are much more complex than plants.So that, they have to think all aspect of a building.

   Another example that I loved is the part of S. Maria Maggiore example. I liked that part because it was the pure example of how should we experience the architecture. Rasmussen saw the boys that are played a kind of ball game was really experiencing the church wall’s capacity but the tourists was only seeing those walls not feeling them.

  About the texture part, it was very interesting because Rasmussen was explaining texture with a cup. So you can easily understand the form of that cup. I also learned that texture was important but also where we use those implements are important,too. Because sometimes you can’t get the right expression due to form of that place.

  In conclusion, architecture is not something that somebody explains it you with words you should feel and experience it with your own. Rasmussen said that ‘’For even the most precise description, enumerating all visible characteristics, will not give inkling of what we feel is the essence of thing itself.’’

       The best buildings have been produced when the architect has been inspired by something in the problem which will give the building a distinctive stamp. -T.E Rasmussen

Vers Une Architecture (Towards An Architecture)


‘Vers Une Architecture’ as known name ‘Towards an Architecture’. This book is published at in France. At the beginning , Le Corbusier published this book as an article in a magazine whose name is L’Esprit Nouveau. And then they  put together all those articles. Because the book was written in a magazine, it as more common language and in order to get attention it was written a tough language. Again, because it  was written part by part it has a lot of repetation and those repetations make the book morke provocative.  

In this book, Le Corbusier critizes the improvement of the engineering and the stability of architecture.

”The engineer’s aesthetic and archictecture is two things that match together an follow one from the other: the one being now at its full height, the other in an unhappy state of retrogression.”

As you can understand the quotation above, ‘the one being now its full height’ is engineering. Why? It is because  important, architects are using that kind of things today,too. But in that time, arengineers are using the harmony, mathematic and technology together. So you may think why they are so important? For that time architects were stuck in sterotypes. So they were producing the same thing with no correction. Of course peple didn’t say anything because as human being we need a house. So as long as we need houses, architecture will always there. But as an architect we can’t misuse this understanding.

”People still believe here and there in architects, as they believe blindly in all doctors”

In another thing that  I want to mention about is why engineers are in its full height and why they prevent from architecture. In that time as I can understood, architects are only using old things with no change. Engineers changed thats why it is in its full height. Change is a must.

In this book, engineering is not for something that comparasing with architecture. Of course sometimes it is comparasing but in general it is for example. What I mean is that even though their aim is not making beautiful things, using math and science makes those thing beautiful and it makes them prevent from architecture. That’s why Le Corbusier used the engineer’s aesthetic in his book in order to refer them as an example. Showing the architects what wil happen if they just use basic geomethric shapes.

Also, in the book, Le Corbusier is explaining somethings that are needed for architects. Mass, surface and plan. That are basic of architecture I think.

In the book, the most effective thing for me is its language. Even though it has well-clear language, it’s poking you to think about it. Yes it has clear language whereas I couldn’t understad it at one time. Also, another thingthat I like is that  Le Corbusier didn’t throw away the architecture. He never said that architecture is a useless thing. He always somehow find a solution for them. ‘You should do this, you should take inspire from engineers etc.’ I like it because I know he was an architect and the pioneer of the modern architecture but he could just say ‘you are doing wrong.’ So that’s why I like it.Just last thing I would like to tell, yes sometimes architecture can drops back, but we always need architecture and that aesthetic. 


What Does Music Mean?

Music is never about anything. MUSIC JUST IS. -Leonard Bernstein

When you hear a song, do you think the meaning of it or do you just prefer to feel it? Does music have a meaning? Can any artwork have a meaning? The answer is both yes and no but why? So let’s try to explain it.

I will give you an example for this that is from young people’s concert (I will share the link end of the writing)  Do you know Overture to William Tell? what if I say the song that covboy’s movies have? Yes, when I say you its name most probably you couldn’t know it but then I came with its meaning that we gave it. But it is not about covboys or horses etc. Actually Rossini didn’t know anything about westworld as Leonard Berstein said. So why do we have that idea, it’s because of combining of notes with an harmony and rhythm. Music can only have a meaning in a musical way. 

I said combining the notes because they should be put together so that we can feel the song. For instance when I write here ‘elephant’ you will have an idea like what its color or how its look like etc. whereas when I say a musical note you can’t do the same thing. That’s why in all design work for all artwork one single element is not enough. Combining them in a way makes that composition alive actually.

In conclusion, don’t try to figure out a design work in a meaningful way, it can has lots of meaning or not. So just try to feel it.

(I also recommend you to watch this video then you can get what I mean more clearly)



Studios Handbook

Before I came in TEDU Arch, I have no idea what architecture is , what they are doing in studio etc. Of course I knew a little but it was not enough. My family or people that I know were not interested in architecture so I had to search about it. When I searched, the concept of architecture seemed very amazing to me (actually it is.) whereas a lot of people were always saying it is too hard. And then I thought, of course it is, which job is easy? With these thoughts I chose architecture. 

I still had that ideas and then our instructurs gave us studios handbook. To be honest, at the beginning I thought what is the biggest point about this  studio? It is just a class where architecture students take lessons in it. After I read this handbook, I apparently see, the studio wasn’t.The studio is making a student an architecture student. Studio is completely different from a normal class. In studio, the lessons are not like lectures. As a student, we should ask questions, we should be able to tell our opinions etc. and handbook is explaing it in a fun way.

Also, I learned that presentations are very important. Whatever you did, if you explain your work in effective way and if you can give the opinion that you have about your work, even if it is not correct, you may be able to change the audience mind to accept the idea you have.

In conclusion, thanks to this handbook I learned what is studio want from us and what  should we do in studio.