Look What You Made Me Do / Review of ARCH301 Final Jury

This post will be mainly about the final jury of Arch301, what I did and the discussions during the Jury.

Let me start with the explanation of my final project. The main strategy is creating an extraverted structure to the city. In order to do this, I tried to combine to different strategies, fragmentation and capillarity. West side of the site, composite of mass buildings especially khans and from east to west the buildings are getting fragmented, that’s why I tried to use fragmentation. I have a volume of kitchen related mass that includes kitchen lab, dining hall, bar and an open-air dining hall. Other functions are disturbing through that mass. In the ground floor, I tried to fragment function with the capillarity that comes from to urban fabric of the Gaziantep.

In Gaziantep, even though their destination the same, the roads are getting differentiated. I tried to apply this idea with a gathering space. In the center of the structure, I have a gathering space. There are many roads that leads you to this gathering space which occurs with the exhibition walls.

In ground floor, the functions are generally open to fabric. There is a coffee house, entrances of the building, rental shops, exhibition area, and auditorium. Entrances are differentiated from each other according to users. One of them is for public users, and from that entrance people can reach to dining hall, and accommodation. The gift shop is located here for interaction. The second entrance for kitchen. It leads you to kitchen lab and classes. There are dressing rooms for hygiene is located there. For ground floor, we can say that, more related with the city.

As I mentioned, first floor for kitchen related activities. For second floor, accommodation and classes are located. The façade of this part was designed with linear windows in order to give its wholeness.

Finally, I have two stairs for two entrances that are related with the historical buildings of Gaziantep. The stairs pop-up from the structure. In my thought, they are a supporter for observing the building as a whole from outside.

General approach of the structure was liked by the jury. Fragmentation of the ground floor was seen positive and the gathering area was working well according to jury members. The main critic was about the façade articulation. They said, it is positive to use linear windows for first floor, but the façade of second floor was problematic, they can be more open to public.

Also, for south part of the structure, the glass of the stairs was questioned, and I said that they were not totally glass. It was problematic because of the model, since I couldn’t make the wooden sun breakers.

Another critic was about the stairs. The idea of having pop-up spaces for stairs was liked but they suggested to have an outside entrance for them. In my opinion, it can be problematic for building, but I will work on this part.

Also, I will work on the location of the shops as well. Even though they are supporting to idea of capillarity, they were too separate from the structure. The strategy for the shops was coming from the rental shops of the Khans and they were continuation for it. They said it is working but, the shops should be more integrated with the building.

There are some problems about the poster design, but the jury liked the drawings.

That’s all from my jury. I really enjoyed while working on this project and, I took the first photo of digital models, so I will put them below with my poster. Don’t leave the page without looking them.

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The City as an Object: Thoughts on The Form of the City – Peter Trummer

Peter Trummer discusses the form of the city in the article named as ‘The City as an Object.’ While reading the article, the main objective is somehow a summary of previous approaches to the city. Definition of aggregation of city that is discussed through pages is coming from Alberti’s approach on city.  Alberti stated that city is a large house and the house is a small city. Since the building or houses are aggregated objects and since Alberti says that city as a large house that’s why city is also an aggregated object.

After saying ‘object’ to the city, there are 2 subtitles by undermining and overmining the city as an object. The first one explains that when we undermine the objects, their atoms and molecules give us a deeper understanding of that object. Le Corbusier dedicated the city by reducing its elements and representing it as biological cells. Second one is explaining it can be seen as phenomenological approach to city. Aldo Rossi’s approach were given as an example to this approach since he defines the city as artifacts and beyond it such as the memory and so on.

The city as an object can be examined 5 different ways. The city as a circle, a grid, archipelago, a solid and an aggregated object. As I understand, each of the 4 ways are coming together at the part of the city as an aggregated object. City as a circle was the basic model of the city. It is said in the article as an aggregate consist of many buildings. Also, the pictures below can be helpful in order to understand how those for approach can be defined as aggregation.

 

Individual Response for the City as Archipelago by Oswald Mathias Ungers

This week, for Urban Design course we have prepared a presentation about the concept of archipelago and its application on urban design. For dictionary meaning of archipelago, it means group of islands in the sea. But for urban design it used as a metaphor. The approach of archipelago in urban design described by Ungers as city within the city. This approach means that, in a city there are separated islands that works individually. Each of them can describe as island and their integration in common ground can be seen as sea.

For main example of archipelago, we discussed Berlin. Since Berlin was divided into two after the war, and the city had problems about fragmentation. Oswald Mathias Ungers, Rem Koolhaas, Peter Riemann, Hans Kollhoff and Arthur Ovaska suggested a rescue project for Berlin. The main point of this project was seeing the problem as a solution for the same problem. Since the city fragment, they suggested this fragmentation as islands and solve the problems for this sense. We learned that for each city Ungers suggested a concept and represent those concepts with some architectural elements. So that rather than defining certain characters to city, they suggested some elements in order to represent the idea.

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Berlin: A Green Archipelago

As my own interpretation for archipelago, I linked this idea with ‘The Walking City’ by Archigram. It is because they somehow faced with the same approaches. The city divided some cities inside but the utopic approach of Archigram suggested them to walk as well.

After other presentation of this week, we saw there are many interpretations for archipelago in urban design. The one that I wanted to mention is from Rem Koolhaas. Actually, we have mentioned about his approach by mentioning the Captive Globe. So, in that project, Koolhaas described the grids as sea and the plots as islands.

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Captive Globe

Also, we didn’t mention in our presentation, but the second group mentioned that the high rise building that discussed in the Captive Globe, act as an individual archipelago. What I mean is that those high-rise buildings can be seen as vertical archipelagos. In class, there is a worthy comment on this situation by saying that, while the archipelago of Ungers we can reach each island individually, but Koolhaas situation, we can reach the upper islands by passing at least one of them. So, this was an example of what happens if we applied archipelago in a vertical manner.

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Diagram of Downtown Athletic Club

I relate his other ideas such as strips with archipelago as well. Especially, in Parc de la Vilette, with the help of diagrams that shows with strips, we can directly see the idea of city within the city in a small scale. So, those strips can be seen as islands.

Another example that we can discuss in the scope of archipelago is Exodus. Actually, it reminds me the Continuous Monument by Superstudio. But it was an actual monument that can be observed only, in the Exodus example however, we can see actual definition of city. We learned in the class that he inspired from both the wall of Berlin and the idea of archipelago and combine these two.

The Continuous Monument – Exodus 

Finally, I would like to mention about the comparison that we did at the end of the presentation. One of them is the Collage City by Colin Rowe. Actually, from our research, we learned that Rowe mentioned the archipelago has similar approach with archipelago but Ungers stated that there are no similarities. We discussed that, Collage City is a city in all, but each archipelago described as a city, and combination of them describes another city.

Berlin Archipelago – Collage City

In conclusion, after listening other groups presentation and their relations with archipelago, we observed that the approaches of urban design can be vary in the scope of different designer. So, even though we can say that the theme archipelago of Ungers is the basis of other urban designs that we discussed in this week, their interpretation of this theme made a lot of differences as well.

Valley Section by Patrick Geddes

In our Urban Design course, we heard a name a lot: Patrick Geddes and his Valley Section. So, for this post I wanted to do some research on him and Valley Section as well.

Patrick Geddes was a Scottish biologist, sociologist, geographer, philanthropist and pioneering town planner. He is known for his innovative thinking in the fields of urban planning and sociology. He introduced the concept of ‘region’ to architecture and urban planning.

His ideas on ‘region’ showed itself in the Valley Section of him. In the Valley Section, he combines physical condition and their biological associations.

From my point of view in first glimpse, we observe a valley drawing and some shapes under the valley. In upper part of the drawing, we can see the valley with different types of plants and so on. There is also a place, most probably a village, and the sea. For the shapes that are placed in the bottom, they represented the occupations for humans. So, we can say, the section shows how patterns of settlement are related to those topography.

Valley Section image

Since we mentioned in the course, I also wanted to do a research on Alison – Peter Smithson approach for the Valley Section.

Alison – Peter Smithson were English architects and a member of Team 10. They influenced by Geddes’ Valley Section. They used the valley section for designing a range of house types to suit different communities: the hamlet, the village, the town and the city. They tried to emphasize different solution for different scales by interpreting the Geddes’ Valley Section.  

The City as the Object of Architecture – Maria Gandelsonas

Urban design is a related discipline with architecture in many years and for many cities, we are observing that they were designed by an architect mostly, since there is no term for city planners and so on. In the article that named ‘The City as the Object of Architecture’, we can get clues about the architects’ desire, ideas and approaches to the city. In this post, I will try to explain my observations and understandings from the article.

The main relation between these two disciplines was established on a shared object, the building as the object of both practices.  It is an important point for both disciplines because shaping a building has an impact on the city and changing a city has an impact on the building as well.

For the titles the object and the subject of the urban fantasies, we can observe different scenes for the relation of architecture and urban. Radical changes for urban fantasies such the American city and its gridded plan and the approach to it by European architects, causes for traumatic effects on architecture. In article it is mentioned as ‘urban gaze’ Since there are different gazes for America and European it is not an unexpected event to have trauma on architecture.

Another thing that I would like to mention is clarity, legibility and illegibility of the cities. While reading a city we have a subject that is defied for the city. For Lynch, it is clarity and legibility of the cityscapes. As, we have an idea about Lynch’s approach for the city, I can say that the city has an idea for you to point toward a destination.

According to Rossi, the architects should have a place of viewer for the city if the city and the architectural buildings are seen in terms of production, one is the product of public the other one is for the public. This difference leads us to think about again the relation of the city and architecture, I think. He suggested that reading a city an important subject for the city.

Lastly, I will mention about Venturi and Scott Brown’s approach. Rossi had an idea about switching the city to traditional in order to have a displacement, and Venturi and Scott Brown has the same idea of displacements in another perspective. They impressed by the vanguard culture of 1950-60s. As I understood, Rossi’s approach provides a structural resistance for urban amnesia, Venturi/Scott Brown has an understand for the new observer that in an observation in a motion.  

So, we can say that those three ideas are based on the observation and the legibility of the city in different manners.

I think, it was hard to understand this article, so I tried to reflect what I understood from it.