Valley Section by Patrick Geddes

In our Urban Design course, we heard a name a lot: Patrick Geddes and his Valley Section. So, for this post I wanted to do some research on him and Valley Section as well.

Patrick Geddes was a Scottish biologist, sociologist, geographer, philanthropist and pioneering town planner. He is known for his innovative thinking in the fields of urban planning and sociology. He introduced the concept of ‘region’ to architecture and urban planning.

His ideas on ‘region’ showed itself in the Valley Section of him. In the Valley Section, he combines physical condition and their biological associations.

From my point of view in first glimpse, we observe a valley drawing and some shapes under the valley. In upper part of the drawing, we can see the valley with different types of plants and so on. There is also a place, most probably a village, and the sea. For the shapes that are placed in the bottom, they represented the occupations for humans. So, we can say, the section shows how patterns of settlement are related to those topography.

Valley Section image

Since we mentioned in the course, I also wanted to do a research on Alison – Peter Smithson approach for the Valley Section.

Alison – Peter Smithson were English architects and a member of Team 10. They influenced by Geddes’ Valley Section. They used the valley section for designing a range of house types to suit different communities: the hamlet, the village, the town and the city. They tried to emphasize different solution for different scales by interpreting the Geddes’ Valley Section.  

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